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in Chin State, Myanmar
Chin women are famed for their back-strap weaving for centuries according to their directly involvement in the entire weaving process, from the plantation of cotton to spinning the yarn, dyeing the cloth with natural dyes and weaving the fabric in distinct styles. Traditionally, Chin textiles are woven exclusively on a back-strap loom. Depending on the pattern, it takes about 3 months to finish weaving traditional tunics, shawl and blanket.
Chin Face-Tattooed Ladies
Chin ladies are renowned for their intricate and remarkable tattooed faces. This tradition represents the courage, beauty and strength of Chin ladies. Bamboo skewers or thorns are used as tattoo needles. Then, a mixture of ox bile, soot, plants and lard is used as tattoo ink. Most Chin ladies in the ancient times had tattoos on their faces. It was believed that only women with tattoos were heroine. Actually, not every Chin women had tattoos. Chin ladies with tattoos can be mostly seen in Mindat, Kanpetlet and Paletwa townships. The tattoo patterns are different according to the ethnic groups they belong to.
Chin Traditional Bamboo Dance
Chin people boasts different styles of traditional dances, especially the bamboo dance, as dances play an important role in the Chin culture. Chin dances are usually performed on seasonal festival and ceremonial functions such as Chin National Day, merry-making occasions, and funeral rituals, etc. Over time, the horizon of bamboo dance expanded significantly all over Southeast-Asia but the Chin traditional bamboo dance is the most eye-catching because of its local characteristic which makes it unique.
Chin ancestors played classical and traditional music with bamboo, called “Ting Teng” in Chin language, especially in the southern part of Chin State. Ting Teng music is performed with bamboo in five different melodies: Phui, Pan Kho, Lat Cho, Paih Polo, and Liklei Sehuai. Many youths played the music at the ancient Lone Yu and other festivals, funeral services by gathering under the moonlight for one or two weeks.
Nose flute of Southern Chin State becomes a worldwide known traditional music among most of the music in Chin State. Nose flute is played not only at festivals but also at harvesting and ploughing periods. There are different music for each occasion such as festivals, funeral service and love expression.
Chin Traditional Wine (Millet Khaung)
Chin traditional wine is a kind of alcoholic beverage and made locally from millet seeds, Rice and sticky rice. The taste of Chin Khaung is sweet, but a bit sour later. It tastes nearly the same with a mix of alcohol with grape juice and lemonade. Chin traditional wine plays a vital role in Chin culture. One boastful tradition is no refusal to the offer by the visitors when they are offered a cup of traditional wine by the host. In every festivals, Chin traditional wine becomes one of the most significant things to include.
The great hornbill is one variety of the hornbill that lives in Chin State. Hornbills live in couple so they are honored for their faithfulness and strong love. So the bird becomes the State bird in order to represent the faithfulness and bravery of the Chin people.
Mython is a very important animal for Chin people. They are usually breeded in thick forest, far from farm areas. In ancient Chin tradition, the number of mythons represented the richness of one person. Mythons were essential in Chin traditional festivals and they were used as the bride pride in matrimonial ceremony. Mythons are breed only for meals in Chin State.
The beautiful white-browed nuthatch is in the family of nuthatch under the species of the Sittavictoriae. The bird is an endangered species which are very rare in Myanmar. Its natural habitat is tropical or subtropical moist mountainous forest. In other words, the white-browed nuthatch prefers oak trees and rhododendron forest to live in. The endangered white-browed nuthatch is only found in the Mount Victoria area of Myanmar. The bird watchers around the world can not only take photos but also study the nature of this lovely bird during the visit to Mt. Victoria, Chin State.
One of the most well-known as pottery in Chin State is Lente Pottery named for the Lente village which is located in Falam Township. The clay used for the pottery is called Kharbung clay. The clay can be got from digging five feet into the ground. The clay is mixed with soft rock got from 8 feet of the ground in 2:1 and pounded them together. The clay pot was baked after being moulded. It takes 4 days from beginning to finishing the pot step by step. The village is 9 miles from Falam town.
Paangkawng Lung Sum
Paangkawng Lung sum is mostly seen in, Southern Chin State. The memorial stones “Lung Sum” profess that the ancestors in the village practiced the same customs in the earliest years. During the Demon worship decades, the villagers who followed the demonic beliefs had practiced the exercised the only one and restricted way of fire sepulture. According to their inviolable law of fire seputure, a dead body is burnt, then remained bones with some coals are put into the clay pot called Yu Am with banding hair from the back side of the pot with valuable attires from the front for women. On the other hand, all precious beads and hair are buried together with the Yu Am for men. Additionally, the more ancient huge memorial stones called Lung Delh of the Hukkhaw tribe which lies nearby the Paankawng Lung Sum makes the visit more interesting.
Mual Suang @ Monuments
Chin people erected Mual Suang @ Monuments besides the road and good location with natural beauty at the entrance and exit of the villages. Before the literature was highly developed, some semiotics and symbols were incised on the monuments. Chin people incised letters and symbols only after the literature was widely studied. On these days, only Chin literature, Myanmar literature and English literature are carved instead of some symbols in the past.
It is located in Myo Ma (2) ward on the Khaw Nu M’Cung main road in Kanpettlet, Chin State which was established as the capital of southern Chin District led by R. Carant Brown, an authority of Pakkoku on 19th Feb,1899. It is known that building was built at that time. It is over 120 years old now. Previously, it was preserved by the Department of Road and the Department of Nat Ma Taung (Khaw Nu M’Cung) and now it is rehabilitated and maintained as a Visitor Awareness Center by the Directorate of Hotels and Tourism.
Khaw Nu M'Cung Museum
Khaw Nu M’Cung Gallery is situated in Myo Ma(1) ward near the main ring road. It was opened in 2017 to disclose the inheritance of Chin culture in order to attract the tourists. In the Gallery, there are many more things to explore such as a performance of traditional flute music with nose played by Grandma Daw Bawi Thang and Grandpa U Thang Naing, an exhibition of Chin cultural instruments and traditional items. Moreover, a memorable photo with different chin outfits can be taken and traditional archery can be tried.
Kaw Lawng Waterfall
The Kaw Lawng waterfall, which is located in 3 miles and 5 furlongs far from Kanpettlet, can be reached on foot for about 3 hours as well as easily by mortorbike carrier. For whom it may be interested in Trekking, the visitors can have more opportunities, by passing through Oak Phoe village and Ma Kyauk Arr village, to learn the culture and traditions of local chin people and long-legs traditional houses, and to see their honest, open-minded and friendly smiles and different languages. Along the trek, a natural beautiful scenery, the farms of local people, varieties of wildflowers and butterflies can be seen. Kaw Lawng waterfall is the second most interested tour for the travelers after Mount Khaw Nu M’Cung hiking tour. Although it takes around 6 hours on foot for a return trip, it can be easily visited by motorbike for those who cannot walk so long. It takes only 40 minutes by motorbike
Van Kio Museum ( Surkhua town )
ဗန်ကီးယိုပြတိုက်သည် ချင်းပြည်နယ် ဟားခါးမြို့နယ်၊ ဆူရ်ခွါးမြို့တွင် တည်ရှိပြီး (၄၉)မိုင် ကွာဝေးပါသည်။ ဟားခါး – မတူပီ လမ်းမကြီးပေါ်တွင် တည်ရှိသဖြင့် ခရီးသွားများ လွယ်ကူစွာ သွားရောက် လည်ပတ်နိုင်ပါသည်။ ဆူရ်ခွါး တိုက်သူကြီး ဦးဗန်ကီးယို၏ နေအိမ်အား ၁၉၂၀ ခုနှစ်တွင် တည်ဆောက် ပြီးစီးခဲ့ပါသည်။ ယခုအခါ အဆိုပါအိမ်သည် နှစ်(၁၀၀)သက်တမ်းရှိပြီး လူမျိုးစုအကြီးအကဲများ နေထိုင်ခဲ့သည့် ချင်းရိုးရာ အိမ်စစ်စစ်ဖြစ်ပါသည်။ ဆူရ်ခွါးမြို့တွင် ကျင်းပသည့် ချင်းရိုးရာ ပွဲတော်ကြီးများကို ၎င်းနေအိမ်တွင် ကျင်းပလေ့ရှိကြပါသည်။ ဗန်ကီးယိုသည် ဆူရ်ခွါး ကျေးရွာ စတင်တည်ထောင်ကတည်းက အုပ်ချုပ်ခဲ့သည့် မျိုးနွယ်စုမှ ဆင်းသက် လာသူဖြစ်ပြီး ၁၉၁၀ခုနှစ်တွင် ဖခင်ဖြစ်သူ ဦးမန်ကုန်းမှ မျိုးနွယ်စု အကြီးအကဲတာဝန်ကို ပေးအပ်ခဲ့ပါသည်။ ၁၉၁၄ခုနှစ်တွင် အင်္ဂလိပ်နယ်ချဲ့မှ တိုက်သူကြီး ( Surkhua Tribal Area Chief )အဖြစ် ခန့်အပ်ခြင်း ခံခဲ့ရပါသည်။ ၁၉၃၄ခုနှစ်တွင် ဗမာအစိုးရမှ ပေးအပ်သော လက်ဆောင်မွန်များရရှိခဲ့ပြီး ၁၉၃၅ခုနှစ်တွင် အင်္ဂလန်ဘုရင် George King V နှင် ဘုရင်မတို့ထံမှ ဆုတံဆိပ်ချီးမြှင့်ခြင်းကိုလည်း ခံခဲ့ရပါသည်။ ယခုအခါ ဗန်ကီးယို၏ နေအိမ်အား ပြတိုက်အဖြစ် ထိန်းသိမ်းလျက်ရှိပြီး ဗန်ကီးယို ပြတိုက်တွင် ချင်းလူမျိုးတို့၏ အသုံးအဆောင် ပစ္စည်းများနှင့် သမိုင်းကြောင်းများကို လေ့လာနိုင်ပါသည်။